Results of the I Conference "EE in Aviation Infrastructure"

51080322 2215285032016426 7255229013201780736 nFirst Conference on "Energy Efficiency as a Way of Decarbonising Ukraine's Aviation Infrastructure"

On January 24, the First Conference on "Energy Efficiency as a Method of Decarbonising Ukraine's Aviation Infrastructure" was held on the initiative of State Aviation Administration of Ukraine and European-Ukrainian Energy Agency. 

The event was supported by the project "Energy Efficiency in Hospitals" and "Energy Efficiency in Communities II in Ukraine", carried out by GIZ on behalf of the German Government.

The purpose of the event was to gather recommendations from the representatives of the aviation industry regarding the new program of support of the "green" transport infrastructure in Ukraine and to learn from the heads of the airports and companies of the industry about the current state of energy efficiency of the aviation infrastructure.

Participants took an active part in discussing the comments and suggestions as well as the representatives of the Ministry of Infrastructure, top managers of the international airports of the cities of Zaporizhzhya, Rivne, Vinnytsia, Odesa, Kyiv International Airport named after Sikorskyi, the International Airport of Boryspil, International Ukrainian Airlines, Azur Air Ukraine, State Enterprise Antonov, Maximus Airlines, also joined European Investment Bank, UNIDO, GIZ, EU Delegation to Ukraine, representatives of the embassies of Hungary, the Czech Republic, Austria and other companies, NGOs, educational and scientific organizations.

Oleksandr Bilchuk, Chairman of the State Aviation Administration of Ukraine, confirmed the relevance of the energy efficiency as an element of decarbonising the aviationinfra structure. He noted that Environmental Protection is one of the strategic objectives of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). 1. Reducing the negative impact of global civil aviation on the environment: limiting or reducing the number of people suffering from significant noise caused by aviation activities; limiting or reducing the impact of aviation emissions on the quality of local air; limiting or reducing the impact of aviation emissions of greenhouse gases on the global climate. 2. Adaptation to climate change and sustainability.

For example, Olexandr Bilchuk spoke about ICAO's € 6.5 million project “Development Capacity to Reduce CO2 Emissions from International Aviation”, funded by the European Union to tackle carbon emissions in the aviation sector (in 14 African and Caribbean regions). Under this project, a new Solar-at-Gate solar power plant at Kingston Airport (Jamaica) is planned to replace the use of auxiliary powerplants for airplanes and diesel land-based units to eliminate CO2 emissions. With 324 individual solar panels, the total electric power of 100 kW has been set with CO2 savings, equivalent to removing 113 cars from the roads throughout the year. The first pilot project in Africa, consisting of a 500-kilowatt solar power generation ground station and mobile electrical equipment, was launched at Moi International Airport in Mombasa, Kenya. The solar installation will generate 820,000 kWh per year and save 1,300 tonnes of CO2 annually.

Mr. Bilchuk noted that airport operators usually have direct control of about 10% of the total carbon emissions at the airport, which is mainly due to energy consumption in buildings, vehicles and lighting. Effective cooperation and partnership will be crucial for the future of low carbon airports. The airports around the world involved in the Airport Carbon Accreditation program, in 2016-2017, which generally reduced emissions by 202,184 tons of CO2 (equivalent to 2,128,252 iPhones total lifetime CO2 emissions).

CO2 emissions at airports Olexandr Bilchuk divided into three levels:

Level 1. Emissions from airport-controlled sources. An example is fossil fuel power plants, conventional vehicles that use gasoline or diesel fuel.

Level 2. Indirect emissions from consumed energy (electricity, heat, etc.)

Level 3. Indirect emissions, which the airport can not control, but can affect. For example, the issue of tenants, the emission of aircraft in the airports (usually after parking), emissions from vehicles arriving or departing from the airport and emissions from waste disposal and recycling.

More examples of energy efficient airport modernization in the world were presented by Olexandr Bilchuk, which you can read following the link: https://www.slideshare.net/SAAU2017/ss-129187330?fbclid=IwAR1rlWOQvApBVIEpfBzo7eo-wMLjK8Gjqbg6b82b41zPr7sMfvVmFldgVZw

Olexandr Franchuk, the Vice-President of the Ukrainian Association of Airports, during his speech, emphasized the urgency of the issue of energy efficiency as a way to reduce CO2 emissions and reduce the cost of the airport. Mr. Franchuk also emphasized that some airports have already started the first energy efficiency measures, in particular, with the replacement of lighting devices at the airport itself, as well as on the territory outside the airport building. However, none of the airports has yet installed a monitoring system for energy consumption, and has not set up a systematic approach, namely energy management. The Vice-President of the Association noted, among other things, that the airports are in communal ownership, some in the state and have a need for financial support of energy-efficient measures, and hope that an additional program to support the implementation of energy efficiency at airports will be created. More information about the Association of Airports and activities at the presentation of Mr. Franchuk.

Danija Krieg - Project Manager for Energy Efficiency in Hospitals, implemented by GIZ on behalf of the German Government, shared experience in structuring the project on energy efficiency in public buildings, for which the German Government has allocated EUR 3 million. The project also envisages training of employees of the mentioned sphere, carrying out of energy audits of public buildings and partial financing of energy-efficient measures. Presentation about the GIZ Progect.

Oleksandra Gumeniuk – Director of European-Ukrainian Energy Agency in her presentation concerning the relevance of the conference topic, mentioned, that in November 2018 the European Commission adopted the maps of the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T core network) in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, the Republic of Georgia, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine. Close cooperation on transport infrastructure networks will foster connectivity between the European Union and our Eastern neighbours. It will make border crossings more efficient and improve road safety. Efficient transport networks create growth and jobs and enable to bring people closer together, and allow for goods to move.  TEN-T map covered such Ukrainian airports as Kyiv, Dnipro, Odesa, Lviv and Kharkiv.

Mrs. Oleksandra Gumeniuk, emphasized, that energy efficiency in aviation infrastructure is very much relevant topic taking into account as well economic attractiveness. Nowadays we can observe considerable growth of transport connectivity comparing to last year, of the region, especially in aviation, for example in Ukraine: Kyiv (Zhuliany) (64.2%), Lviv (46.3%), Kharkiv (34.7%), Zaporizhia (26.5% ), Odessa (18.8%), 98% of the total passenger traffic and postal traffic flows are concentrated in 7 major airports, namely Boryspil, Kiev (Zhulyany), Odessa, Lviv, Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk and Zaporizhzhya. The Ukrainian passenger airline market for the second consecutive year demonstrated high growth rates. At the same time, in the previous 2016 there was a recovery of the market after the recession, which took place in 2014-2015. If by the results of 2016 the volume of passenger transportation of domestic airlines exceeded the indicator of "pre-crisis" 2013 by 2.1%, then by 2017 - by 30.1%. In 2017 Ukrainian airlines made 5837.5 thousand passengers on international regular flights, 4975.8 thousand passengers - foreigners (an increase of 18.1% and 29.3% respectively).

Energy Efficiency is not an idea, but also it is a requirement of European Union in the frame of Association Agreement, Eastern Partnership countries. According to which Ukraine adopted relevant strategic documents, as in May 2018 there was adopted by Ukrainian Government National Transport Strategy of Ukraine by 2030, where decarbonization and decrease of negative impact of transport infrastructure to the environment was among 5 top priorities for Ukraine by 2030. Taking into account the National Energy Strategy of Ukraine by 2035 and Action Plan of Energy Strategy implementation by 2020, Energy Efficiency Action Plan by 2020 with the aim to reduce energy consumption by municipal infrastructure, including transport infrastructure is highly demanded.

The next step, European-Ukrainian Energy Agency together with the State Aviation Administration decided to summarize all the comments and suggestions from the representatives of the aviation infrastructure to prepare a proposal for the establishment of a program of financial and technical support for energy efficiency in aviation infrastructure and send this proposal to relevant state and international institutions.

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