Solar energy in Ukraine: current state and forecasting

Solar energy in Ukraine: current state and forecasting

European-Ukrainian Energy Agency (EUEA) as an International Partner of Solarex Istanbul exhibition prepared research and last updates of the relevant topic, which can be interesting for participants of the exhibition.

EUEA established in 2009 is an independent non-profit organization open to all stakeholders in the Ukrainian Energy Efficiency (EE) and Renewable Energy (RE) sectors who want to work constructively with like-minded members to contribute to the gainful and transparent development of these markets in Ukraine, through the promotion of fair and sustainable business practice, raising of public awareness of energy issues, and by influencing government energy policy.

Currently portfolio of EUEA members’ of renewable energy completed and under construction projects is about 1,5 GW. Having international recognition and being a voice of national and international investors EUEA makes its contribution in a long term basis to develop good policy in Ukraine in energy and business climate sectors. EUEA members: Acciona, Avenston, Celynx AG, CES, D2Consult, DTEK, EMSOLT Investments, Eurocape, GOLAW, Greenworx, Guris, iC consulenten, IMEPOWER, Indian Solar, Scatec Solar, SINNALBA Group Ltd, Smart Energy, Ukrwindinvestments.

According to the information of State Agency of Energy Efficiency , at the beginning of 2019 totally in Ukraine there were 2 274 MW RES totally, of which: 51 MW biogas, 46 MW biomass, 99 MW small HPP, 157  MW Solar of Households, 1388 MW SPP, 533 MW WPP.

Examples of current ongoing projects under preparation and development from open resources[1]:

SPP

Investor

Region

District

Locality

Capacity

Greenteco SPP ltd

Scatec Solar

Cherkasy

Chyhyryn

Ratseve

90 MW

Kamyanets-Podilsky SPP

Scatec Solar

Khmelnytskyi

Kamyanets-Podilsky

Panivtsi

30 MW

SOLAR PHARM-5

DTEK

Dnipro

Vasylkiv

Vasylkiv

130 MW

SOLAR PHARM-4

DTEK

Dnipro

Pavlograd

Troitske

120 MW

Pokrovska SPP

DTEK

Dnipro

Nikopol

Pokrovske

240 MW

Online map of grid connection [2]:

New Презентация Microsoft PowerPoint

At present, the energy system works in the following way: at peak loads the base of covering the generation oscillation consists of NPPs, the cover of non-manned generation - TPPs, and the planned fluctuations are covered by the HPPs.

The secondary reserve is necessary to ensure the continuity of the power system in case of unpredictable changes in its consumption or its generation. The secondary reserves of the TPP is 1932 MW are economically unprofitable, because it requires their full work, which is not required in Ukraine due to weather changes and seasonality. That is why, Ministry of Energy of Ukraine develops stimulation mechanism for:

1. Implementation of balancing capacities and storage systems.

2. Raise the accuracy of daily forecasting

3. Modernization of capacities of Hydro- and Thermal PP

What is the size of Feed in Tariff in Ukraine for Solar energy?

FiT for solar energy, Euro cents per Kwh (according to the current legislation [3], [4] )

2019

2020-2024

2025-2029

15,02

13,51

12,00

FiT for solar energy projects, which are lower than 1 MW, Euro cents per Kwh (according to the draft law 8449-d[5]), from 1 MW projects will go to auctions. Projects which are under construction in 2019 and which signed PPA before 31 December 2019 with any capacity also can stay on FiT. The size of FIT will be decided on the date of the project commissioning. 

2020

2021

2022

2023-2024

2025-2029

11,25

10,87

10,50

10,12

9,74

During 2018 EUEA took an active part in developing of the Draft Law 8449-d concerning the Auction system for RES market, and now it is ready for the second reading in the Parliament.

Details of the Draft Law please find below:

The final date for signing pre-PPA to stay on FiT

31 December 2019 (rights in land, obtain a construction permit and sign a grid connection agreement)

Solar farm shall be commissioned within 2 years and wind farm within 3 years

FiT reduction from 2020

-25% for solar with the reduction by 2,5% each year within the following 3 years 

- 10% for wind

Bioenergy will not be reduced, but it will be granted only for power plants commissioned until 1 January 2022.

Small hydro reduction by 10% starting with 2020 

Simplified procedure (without obtaining the generation license)

Solar and Wind installations of households up to 50 kW if the produced electricity is purchased by distribution companies 

all types of renewables installations with capacity over 50 kW and up to 150 kW if the produced electricity is purchased by guaranteed buyer

The auctions will be mandatory starting with 2020

for solar power plants more than 1 MW and wind farms more than 5 MW

all other renewables which have reached 25% in the total production of electricity from renewables as a result of the previous year and all other renewables may participate in the auctions on a voluntarily

Auctions will take place

2 times a year

Via platform of Prozorro

Term of the PPA as a result of the auctions

20 years from the commissioning date and generation of the electricity to the grid

The first time quotas shall be established by 1 December 2019

Qualification requirements

Bank guarantees for participants to the auctions EUR 5,000 per MW and additional EUR 10,000 per MW for a winner

Technical Requirements:

-the right to use/own the land;

-executed grid connection agreement.

 
Prepared by Oleksandra Gumeniuk, Director of EUEA


[1] www.eia.menr.gov.ua 

[2] https://ua.energy/connection-map/?vde=vde_ses&reflecti=sun_regions

[3] https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/555-15

[4]https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/rada/show/v1440227-08?fbclid=IwAR1UFAAmFPYFwkPqO02hgxoQEc-O8RGzLAiMrACMvev-e9n7t8ENw9-ewxU

[5] https://www.imepower.com/feed-in-green-tariffs-in-ukraine-per-draft-law-8449-d/