Certain measures to reform the energy sector have already been adopted in accordance with the Plan. In the article we enumerate the measures to be taken in the field of energy efficiency and renewable energy sources by 2020.
Energy efficiency in the industry, mobilization of additional financial resources for the energy modernization of the residential sector and the gradual increase in the number of buildings with close to zero energy consumption, competitive energy market, energy management, educational measures are the key priorities according to the Plan by 2020.
In order to bring Ukrainian legislation in line with the requirements of EU Directive 2012/27 / EU, a new model of state policy in the field of energy efficiency need to be fixed. According to the Directive, a draft National Energy Efficiency Action Plan for 2030 should be elaborated by 2019 (MinRegion, SAEE, Ministry of Energy and Coal Industry, Ministry of Agrarian Policy, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Economic Development, Antimonopoly Committee, NCREU (by consent)).
With a view to stimulate industrial enterprises to increase energy efficiency by the end of 2018, a mechanism to attract investments and provide guaranteed sources of financing for their energy modernization must be created (Ministry of Regional Development, Ministry of Economic Development, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Energy and Coal Industry, Antimonopoly Committee). In this direction, draft laws have already been submitted for consideration by the Verkhovna Rada and acts of the Cabinet of Ministers have been adopted.
As to introduce a mechanism for the sustainable financing of energy efficiency measures in the housing stock, the mechanism for implementing and extending the application of the program of providing warm loans and the registered Energy Efficiency Fund has been improved. However, for the functioning of the latter, it is necessary to develop and submit to the Cabinet of Ministers draft by- laws necessary for the implementation of the Law of Ukraine “On the Energy Efficiency Fund” (dates are not specified) (MinRegion, State Department of Economic Development, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Economic Development and Trade, Antimonopoly Committee).
It is also necessary to develop and implement programs for energy efficiency and energy saving potential at the local level and rational use of state and local budgets in these spheres until December 2018.
Renewable energy sources
The main tasks for this sector are the creation of the green bonds market, the attraction of international strategic and financial investors, the introduction of auctions for the purchase of electric energy from RES, the online ability to determine the potential of RES resources and the capacity of accession in Ukraine (atlases, interactive map of Ukrenergo), regulation of the production of liquid fuels from biomass.
Among the actions to be implemented: the Cabinet of Ministers has to draft and submit a the new National Renewable Energy Action Plan for the period up to 2030 in 2019-2020; Draft law on the revision of the promotion of electricity production from RES, in particular the introduction of auctions for the purchase of electric energy for new large-capacity plants in 2019; regulatory documents for the implementation of the electronic platform for biofuels trade in 2018 (MinRegion, SAEE, Ministry of Energy and Coal Industry, Ministry of Agrarian Policy, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Economic Development, Antimonopoly Committee, NCREU (by consent)).
The Action Plan can be found at: